Women and Heroin Addiction
It is surprising to know that the growth of drug addiction has become widespread in women than women in the recent years. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has found that between 2002 and 2003, heroin addiction among women grew twice as likely as men.
Why does heroin addiction in women is becoming epidemic? Some factors influence this condition, including their own experiences.
- 1.Childhood sexual abuse.
The National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) research has found that women exposed to sexual abuse during childhood are three times more likely to become addicted to drugs or alcohol when they become adults.
Psychologists have supported this claim after they found that female patients who had been a victim of sexual abuse during childhood are more inclined to develop an addiction later in life.
- 2.Biology plays a role.
Women are more likely to develop illegal drug abuse than men due to the following factors:
- The body composition of women has lesser water than men, so substances such as heroin is less diluted in the body.
- Lower levels of body enzymes that lead to slower breakdown of substances in the body.
- Women have more fatty tissue, leading to longer retention of heroin in the body.
- 3.Stress brought by body image and family responsibilities
Women are more tied up to family responsibilities as well as their careers. As mothers, they have many responsibilities at home that some women are unable to manage. Working women also face stress in their jobs.
In order to cope up with these elements, women tend to seek something that could make them more relax and at the same time cope up with their duties. However, these effects are only temporary as heroin addiction will bring more problems later in their lives. Those who are conscious with their weight tend to abuse stimulants like methamphetamine and cocaine.
- 4.Easy access to addictive medications
Studies have shown that women are more likely to take medications than men.Women are more probable to seek treatments for emotional and psychological problems they have. These include anxiety, borderline personality disorder,depression and eating disorders.
- 5.Women with partners abusing drugs
Women who have a husband or boyfriend who are struggling with heroin addiction are more inclined to use drugs. Their partners can influence their decision to experiment with drugs such as heroin.
They use use heroin as a form as their past time and a form of bonding. Women who have partners using drugs are more likely to engage in high-risk behaviors such as sharing needles, driving while drug-intoxicated, involvement in crimes and more. For these reasons, more couples are vulnerable to acquire contagious diseases such as hepatitis C, HIV/AIDS and other lung diseases.